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Top 10 Major Dams of India

Top 10 Major Dams of India :

Top 10 Major Dams of India. India is country with some of the great rivers like Ganga, Narmada and Brahmputra. These rivers are having some of the big dams and largest reservoirs in India such as Nanak Sagar and Indira Sagar. Lalitpur district in Uttar Pradesh is well known for its 7 dams, those are Rajghat dam, Matateela dam, Govindsagar dam, Sehjaad dam, Saajnam dam, Jamini dam and Rohini dam. Matatila dam is the biggest one form all of them with height of 33.53 meters on Betwa river. These large dams play an important role for Irrigation and Agriculture growth of the nation, but at the same time it affect the people and environment and wildlife.

 Biggest Dam in India and Largest Reservoirs

Cheruthoni Dam:

Cheruthoni Dam, the largest concrete gravity dam in Kerala, is located close to Idukki arch dam. It is the third highest dam in India with a 454 feet-high across River Cheruthoni. Idukki is a hill station in India, is much famous for its wildlife treasure keenly followed by other attractions too. These two dams are one of best picnic spot for the tourists, The Idukki and Cheruthoni dams opened to the public in connection with the Onam festival season. At the end of the Cheruthoni dam continue walking along the properly fenced road lead to Idukki Dam. The height of 560 feet brought a thrilling experience and wonderful view of greens valley.

Height: 450 feet
Length: 2300 feet
Type: Concrete Gravity Dam
River: Cheruthoni River
Location: Kerala

Installed capacity: 32 MW

Indira Sagar Dam:

Indira sagar dam built on the Narmada river with a height of 92m. is concrete gravity dam, located in Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh. Indira sagar project was the key project on Narmada river providing excellent storage site of water. Indira Sagar Dam has the biggest reservoir in India.

Height: 92 m
Length: 653 m
Type: Concrete Gravity Dam
River: Narmada River
Location: Madhya Pradesh
Installed capacity: 1,000 MW

Krishnarajasagar Dam:

Krishnarajasagar dam built across Kaveri River near Mysore in Karnataka. It is one of the principal and largest dam built on the river Kaveri in Karnatakain, South India. The Kaveri is one of the major river in India and there is a Famous and beautiful Brindavan Gardens attached to the dam, its a part of the Krishna Raja Sagar Dam and is the most beautiful gardens in Mysore and one of best Garden in India.

Height: 125 feet
Length: 3.5km
Type: Masonry Dam
River: Kaveri River
Location: Karnataka
Installed capacity: 200 MW

 Mettur Dam: 

Mettur Dam built across Kaveri River at Salem district in Tamil Nadu with a height of 120 ft. It is one the largest and one of the oldest dam built in India. Mettur Dam has biggest and the most power generating capacity dam in Tamil Nadu. Mettur Dam is very beautiful place of tourist, the river is a wonderful site to explorer the nature.

Height: 120 ft.
Length: 1700 meters
Type: Concrete Dam
River: Kaveri River
Location: Tamil Nadu
Installed capacity: 32 MWBisalpur Dam: The greatest dam of Rajasthan-Bisalpur, located in Tonk District of Rajasthan. The dam is built across the Banas River between two mountains. The largest dam of Rajasthan-Bisalpur with a height of 39m is one of the honor of Rajasthan.
Tonk dam attract vast variety of birds local as well as migratory.

Height: 130 ft.
Length: 1883 ft
Type: Gravity Dam
River: Banas River
Installed capacity: 172 MW

Koyna Dam: 

Koyna Dam is built across river koyana in Koyna Naga Maharashtra with a height of 103m. It is one of the largest dams in Maharashtra located at western ghats. The lake founded by the Koyna dam is called The Shivaji Lake, the area is surrounded with the natural beauty of Sahyadri Mountains Ranges.

Height: 339 ft.
Length: 2,648 ft
Type: Rubble-Concrete dam
River: Koyna River
Location: Maharashtra
Installed capacity: 1,920 MW

Maithon Dam:

 Maithon Dam is built on the river of Barakar located at Maithon and is a big dam in tribal state Jharkhand. Maithon Dam is one of the most popular dams in Jharkhand and one of the most successful multipurpose projects in India. This dam specially designed for flood control and generates high electric power. There is an underground power station, the first of its kind in the whole of South East Asia. Maithon Dam is the biggest reservoir in the Damodar Valley.

Height: 165 ft
Length: 15,712 ft
Type: Concrete cum Earthen dam
River: Barakar River
Location: Jharkhand
Installed capacity: 60 MW

Rihand Dam:

 The Rihand dam has been built across Rihand River a tributary of Sone river, near Pipri in the Sonbhadra district of Uttar Pradesh. The concrete gravity dam has its maximum height that is 91m.  The reservoir made by Rihand dam is known as Govind Ballabh Pant (GBP) reservoir.

Height: 299 ft
Length: 3064 ft
Type: Concrete Gravity dam
River: Rihand River
Location: Uttar Pradesh
Installed capacity: 300 MW

TungaBhadra Dam:

TungaBhadra dam is constructed across river Tungabhadra, a tributary of River Krishna, located approximately five km from Hospet town in Karnataka, which is also the largest dam in Karnataka. It offers a majestic sight, along with a Japanese garden, musical mountain and a beautiful scenery of nature.

Height: 49.38 meters
Length: 2441 meters
Type: Earthen Gravity Dam
River: Tungabhadra River
Location: Karnataka
Installed capacity: 72 MW

Bhavanisagar Dam: 

The Bhavani Sagar Dam constructed across Bhavani river, is located 80 Km away from Coimbatore city, Tamil Nadu. This dam looks very beautiful and one of the important tourist place in the district of Erode. The Bhavanisagar dam is 8 km. long and it is the longest masonry dam in the world.

Height: 105 ft
Length: 1700 meters
Type: Earthen dam
River: Bhavani River
Location: Tamil Nadu
Installed capacity: 1,920 MW

Impacts of Dams: On the other hand these big water reservoirs also affects rivers, environment, forest and wildlife around the area also the local people. The environmental impacts of dams are one is due to the construction and second is its mode of operation. Due to these reservoirs in rivers some species benefit like cold water fish etc but forests, wetlands and wildlife face most the effect of a dam like habitats loss of plants and animals.
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