Home » » Nalgonda


Nalgonda :

Nalgonda (About this sound pronunciation (help·info)) is a town and a municipality in Nalgonda district in the Indian state of Telangana. Its name is derived from two Telugu words: nalla ("black") and konda ("hill").[2] Nalgonda in the past was referred to as Nilagiri. During the period of the Bahamani kingdom, it was renamed as Nallagonda.[3] Later in Nizam rule, during the later kings rule, the name was transformed into Nalgonda (for official uses). It is also the district headquarters.

Nalgonda or Nilagiri is a place of residence from ancient times. In the old city center, there is an Ashoka pillar. The panagal village was the city center in Kakatiya period where exquisite and highly artful temple of emerald someswara, Chaya someswara temple, and a Venkateswara temple are found. The sculpture of emerald someswara temple is par excellence and highly skillfully carved pillars demonstrate the artisans' mastery as well as devotion. It is said that the temple is called emerald someswara temple because it was endowed with an emerald, which filled the entire temple with light reflected from it in day and night. Its structure follows trikuta architecture style with main sanctum of Shiva and sanctum of Parvati placed opposite, and sanctorum of Skanda placed on the right of main sanctum. The temple for some time was in ruins with many villagers pilfering some of the stone carvings, carting away to their huts or residences. Archaeological society of India, however, later on tried to protect the temple with a fence, and the temple stands in its glory with its pillars intact.

Similarly the Chaya someswara temple is an architectural wonder, where any time in day or night a column of shadow is seen exactly on the deity Shiva without any change throughout the year. Also, the temple's main deity always rests in water skillfully drawn from a nearby lake called panagal cheruvu. The whole construction and water circulating arrangement is as thought the deity is endowed with cool environs. The lake is also said to be very old with a silasashana giving its origin. Main interesting feature of the stone carvings is that the script on it is Brahmi script, indicating its very ancient origin.

Nilagiri is also endowed with two hills, where on one ill there is a fort, and another hill of huge rock of granite where a temple is seen. This hill on its one side has a huge rock of smooth surface embellished with rectangular indentures for help walking on it to reach the temple. Another interesting feature of this hill is there is large reservoir of water inside a hollow of the rock on another side with small opening to be seen as if water is stored by some one in a pot of giant size. At all times of the year it is filled to the brim.

The hill with the fort is called Kapurala (family residential) gutta, indicating that the families of the rulers were kept safe as this hill is very steep on all sides. This fort also has a very deep well as if to supply water for the residents for a long time.
Share this article :


Post a Comment

Support : Mana Illu | Recipe Table | LLM Projects
Copyright © 2013-15. AP Heritage - All Rights Reserved
Template Created by Creating Website Published by Mas Template
Proudly powered by Blogger