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Large dams in India

  • A large dam is classified as one with a maximum height of more than 15 metres from its deepest foundation to the crest.

  • A dam between 10 and 15 metres in height from its deepest foundation is also included in the classification of a large dam provided it complies with one of the following conditions :
a) length of crest of the dam is not less than 500 metres or
b) capacity of the reservoir formed by the dam is not less than one million cubic metres or
c) the maximum flood discharge dealt with by the dam is not less than 2000 cubic metres per second or
d) the dam has specially difficult foundation problems, or
e) the dam is of unusual design
On review on consideration of “height” for arriving at whether dam is in category of Large dam or not the above definition has been retained for dams other than Earthen and Rock fill dams. For Earthen and Rock fill dams following definition of large dams has been adopted from "IS 12169-1987- criteria for design of small embankment dams" for inclusion under NRLD.
Large Dam
A dam exceeding 15m in height above deepest river bed level and a dam between 10 and 15 m height provided volume of earthwork exceeds 0.75 million m3 and storage exceeds 1 million m3 or the maximum flood discharge exceeds 2000 cumecs."
Table1: Large dams of India 
[Dams with height 50 m and above]
Sl.No.Dam NameCompletion YearRiverNearest cityStateBasinTypeHeight (m)Length (m)Storage capacity (MCM)↓Purpose↓
1Tehri Dam2005BhagirathiPratapnagarUttarakhandGangaTE + PG260.55753540Hydroelectric,Irrigation
2Lakhwar DamU/CYamunaDehradunUttarakhandGangaTE + PG204451580Hydroelectric,Irrigation
3Idukki (Eb)/Idukki Arch Dam1974PeriyarTodupulaiKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariPG1693661998.57Hydroelectric
4Bhakra Dam1963SatlujBilaspurHimachal PradeshIndus up to International BorderTE + PG167.64518.169867.84Hydroelectric,Irrigation,Recreation
5Pakal Dul DamU/CMarusudarKishtwarJammu & KashmirIndus up to International BorderTE + PG167305.1254Hydroelectric
6Sardar Sarover Gujarat DamU/CNarmadaRajpiplaGujaratNarmadaPG16312109500Hydroelectric,Irrigation
7Srisailam (N.S.R.S.P) Dam1984KrishnaNandikotkur---KrishnaTE1455128724.88Hydroelectric,Irrigation
8Ranjit Sagar Dam1999RaviPathankotPunjabIndus up to International BorderTE1456173280Flood Control,Hydroelectric,Irrigation
9Baglihar Dam2009CHENABRambanJammu & KashmirIndus up to International BorderPG143364.362428.28Hydroelectric
10Chemera I Dam1994RaviBhattiyatHimachal PradeshIndus up to International BorderTE + PG140295391.3Hydroelectric
11Cheruthoni (Eb) Dam1976CheruthoniTodupulaiKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariTE + PG138.386511998.57Hydroelectric
12Pong Dam1974BeasDera GopipurHimachal PradeshIndus up to International BorderTE + PG132.591950.78570Hydroelectric,Irrigation
13Jamrani Dam1990GolaNaini TalUttarakhandGangaPG130.6465208.6Irrigation
14Subansiri Lower HE (Nhpc) Dam2014SubansiriLower SubansiriArunachal PradeshBrahmaputraPG1302841365Hydroelectric
15Ramganga Dam1974RamgangaLansdowneUttarakhandGangaTE127.56302448Hydroelectric,Irrigation
16Nagarjuna Sagar Dam1974KrishnaGuruzala---KrishnaTE124.66486511553Hydroelectric,Irrigation
17Kakki (Eb) Dam1966KakkiRaniKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariTE + PG116.13336.19454.07Hydroelectric
18Nagi Dam1958NagiJamuiBiharGangaTE113.5188410.8029Irrigation
19Salal (Rockfill And Concrete ) Dam1986ChenabGool Gulab GarhJammu & KashmirIndus up to International BorderTE + PG11348728.5Hydroelectric
20Lakhya Dam1994Lakhya holeMudigereKarnatakaKrishnaTE1081048273.79Water Storage
21Sholayar Dam1971SholayarPollachiTamil NaduWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariTE + PG105.161244.18152.7Hydroelectric,Irrigation
22Koyna Dam1964KoynaPatanMaharashtraKrishnaTE103.02807.722980.68Hydroelectric
23Idamalayar (Eb) Dam1985IdamalayarDevikolamKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariTE + PG1023731089.8Hydroelectric
24Supa Dam1987Kali NadiSupaKarnatakaWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriPG101331.294178Hydroelectric
25Karjan Dam1987KarjanRajpiplaGujaratNarmadaTE + PG100903630Irrigation
26Kulamavu (Eb) Dam1977KilivillithodeTodupulaiKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariPG1003851998.57Hydroelectric
27Koteshwar DamU/CBhagirathiPratapnagarUttarakhandGangaPG97.5300.588.9Hydroelectric
28Lower : PPSP DamU/CPuruliyaWest BengalSubarnarekhaER9531016Hydroelectric,Irrigation
29Doyang Hep DamU/CDoyangWokhaNagalandBrahmaputraTE92462565Hydroelectric,Water Storage
30Rihand Dam1962RihandDudhiUttar PradeshGangaPG91.4693210608.32Hydroelectric,Irrigation
31Indira Sagar (NHDC) Dam2006NarmadaKhandwaMadhya PradeshNarmadaTE + PG91.465412200Hydroelectric,Irrigation
32Warna Dam2000VarnaShahuwadiMaharashtraKrishnaTE + PG88.81580974.188Hydroelectric,Irrigation
33Bhatsa Dam1983Bhatsa and chornaShahapurMaharashtraWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriTE + PG88.5959976.1Hydroelectric,Irrigation
34Pillur Dam1967BhavaniMettuppalaiyamTamil NaduCauveryPG8835744.4Hydroelectric
35Upper Kodayar Dam1972KodayarKalkulamTamil NaduWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariPG8816698.51Hydroelectric
36Jakham Main Dam1986Jakham (mahi)PratapgarhRajasthanMahiPG87253142.02Irrigation
37Minimata (Hasdeo) Bango Dam1990HasdeoKatghoraChhattisgarhMahanadiTE + PG87554.53417Hydroelectric,Irrigation
38Teesta -V (NHPC) Dam2007TeestaNorthSikkimBrahmaputraPG86.8176.513.5Hydroelectric
39Lower Ghatghar Dam2007ShahapurMaharashtraWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriPG86.144493.21Hydroelectric
40Kallada (Parappar) (Id) Dam1986KalladaPattanapuramKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariPG85.35335524Hydroelectric,Irrigation
41Madupetty (Eb) Dam1957PalarDevikolamKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariTE + PG85.34237.7455.23Hydroelectric
42Parbati II DamU/CParbatiKulluHimachal PradeshIndus up to International BorderPG85101.56.55Hydroelectric
43Chakra Dam1985ChakraHosanagaraKarnatakaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariER84570222.6Irrigation
44Bandardhara Dam1926ParavaraAkolaMaharashtraGodavariPG82.352717312.6Hydroelectric,Irrigation
45Lower Vaitarna Dam1954VaitarnaShahapurMaharashtraWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriPG82567.07204.98Water Storage
46Ukai Dam1972TapiSongadhGujaratTapiTE + PG8149278510Flood Control,Hydroelectric,Irrigation
47Upper Aliyar Dam1971AliyarPollachiTamil NaduWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariPG8131526.57Hydroelectric
48Aruna DamU/CArunaVaibhavwadiMaharashtraWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriTE80.41124093.378Hydroelectric,Irrigation
49Upper Bhavani Dam1965BhavaniUdagamandalamTamil NaduCauveryPG80419101.2Hydroelectric
50Podagada Dam1996PodagadaNabarangapurOdishaGodavariTE77.54622300Hydroelectric,Irrigation
ABBREVIATION: #Earthen:TE #Rockfill:ER #Gravity/Masonry:PG #U/C: Under Construction
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