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Krishna River

 Krishna River  :

 Krishna River is the fourth longest river in India, after the Ganges, Godavari and Narmada; which flows entirely in India. The river is almost 1,300 kilometres (810 mi) long. The river is also called Krishnaveni . It is a major source of irrigation for Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.

The river originates at Mahabaleswar near the Jor village in the extreme north of Wai Taluka, Satara District, Maharashtra in the west and pours into the Bay of Bengal at Hamasaladeevi (near Koduru) in Andhra Pradesh, on the east coast. It flows through the state of Karnataka before entering Andhra Pradesh. The delta of this river is one of the most fertile regions in India and was the home to ancient Satavahana and Ikshvaku Sun Dynasty kings. Amaravathi, Capital of Andhra Pradesh (Vijayawada) is the largest city on the River Krishna. Vijayawada is the biggest city on the river Krishna in (Andhra Pradesh).

It causes heavy soil erosion during the monsoon season. During this time, Krishna takes fertile soil from Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh towards the delta region. It flows fast and furious, often reaching depths of over 75 feet (23 m). Ironically, there is a saying in Marathi (language of Maharashtra) "Santh vaahate Krishnamaai" which means "quiet flows Krishna". This term is used to describe that a person should be as quiet as Krishna.

The largest tributary of the Krishna River is the Tungabhadra with a drainage basin measuring 71,417 km2 running for about 531 km but the longest tributary is the Bhima River which makes a total run of 861 km and has an equally large drainage area of 70,614 km2.

There are four rivers that join the Krishna at a confluence known as Preeti Sangam, or "Lover's Meeting Point" in the Satara District. These are Venna river, Urmodi River, Tarli River and Koyna river.

Three tributaries meet Krishna river near Sangli. These places are very holy. It is said that Lord Dattatreya spent some of his days at Audumber on the banks of river Krishna. Sangameswaram of Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh is a famous pilgrim center for Hindus where Tungabhadra and Bhavanasi rivers join the Krishna river. The Sangameswaram temple is now drowned in the Srisailam reservoir, and visible for devotees only during summer when the reservoir's water level comes down.

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