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Eluru  :

Eluru is a city in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The city is the district headquarters of West Godavari district and one of the 13 municipal corporations in the state. It also serves as the headquarters of Eluru mandal and Eluru revenue division.[3][4] As of 2011 census, the city had a population of 357,414 and an urban agglomeration population of 515,793.[1][2] Eluru is situated on the national highway NH 5 connecting Vijayawada and Visakhapatnam. Eluru was earlier called Helapuri and has a rich cultural and political history. It was believed to have been the capital of Vishnukundinas at one time.

History of Eluru dates back to 2nd century and has great prominence in the history of Andhra. Vengi (Pedavegi, Chinavegi, and Denduluru) near Eluru was capital of Andhra from 2nd century to 12th century, ruled by Salankayanas, Vishnukudinas, and Eastern Chalukyas. Vengi was capital of Andhra for many years than other city. Helapuri (Eluru) was part of the Buddhist kingdom of Vengi.

Eastern Chalukyas, or Chalukyas of Vengi,(Kannada) were a South Indian dynasty whose kingdom was located in the present day Andhra Pradesh. Their capital was Vengi (Pedavegi and Denduluru, near Eluru) and their dynasty lasted for around 500 years from the 7th century until c. 1130 C.E. when the Vengi kingdom merged with the Chola empire. The Vengi kingdom was continued to be ruled by Eastern Chalukyan kings under the protection of the Chola empire until 1189 C.E., when the kingdom succumbed to the Hoysalas and the Yadavas. They had their capital originally at Vengi now (Pedavegi, Chinavegi and Denduluru) near Eluru of the West Godavari district end later changed to Rajamahendravaram (Rajamundry).
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