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East Godavari district

East Godavari district :

East Godavari district is a district in Coastal Andhra region of Andhra Pradesh, India. Its district headquarters is at Kakinada. As of Census 2011, it is the most populous district of the state with a population of 5,151,549. Rajahmundry and Kakinada are the two largest cities in the Godavari districts in terms of population.

The district of Rajahmundry was reorganized in 1859 into two districts of Godavari and Krishna. Godavari district was further bifurcated into East and West Godavari districts in 1925. After Nov, 1956's Andhra Pradesh was formed by combining parts of Naizam, Ceded and Circars, in 1959, the Bhadrachalam revenue division, consisting of Bhadrachalam and Naguru Taluks (2 Talukas in 1959 but later subdivided into Wajedu, Venkatapruram, Cherla, Dummugudem, Bhadrachalam, Nellipaka, Chinturu, Kunavaram, and Vararamachandrapuram mandals) of East Godavari district were merged into the Khammam district. After June, 2014's reorganization and division of Andhra Pradesh, the mandals of Bhadrachalam (with the exception of Bhadrachalam Temple), Nellipaka, Chinturu, Kunavaram and Vararamchandrapuram were re-added back to East Godavari District.

The district, like the rest of the Deccan was under the Nandas and Mauryas in its early history. After the fall of the Mauryan Empire, the district was under the Sathavahanas until the 3rd century under the famous poet king Hala. Coins found during excavations have revealed the rule of Gautamiputra Satakarni, Vasisthi-putra Pulumayi and Yajna Sri Satakarni. Gupta emperor Samudragupta invaded during the rule of both Pishtapura and Avamukta in the district in 350 A.D. Samudragupta's invasion was followed by the rule of the Mathara Dynasty from 375 to 500. The earliest known ruler of the dynasty was Maharaja Sakthi Varma.

The district passed into the hands of Vishnukundinas during the rule of Vikramendra Varma I during the 5th century. The records indicate that their domain extended over Visakhapatnam, West Godavari, Krishna and Guntur Districts in addition to East Godavari District. Indra Bhattaraka defeated the rulers of Vasistha Kula and re-established Vihsnukundina authority, but was shortly defeated by Kalinga armies. Indra Bhattaraka was followed to the throne by a few others, including Madha Varma III and Manchanna Bhattaraka, who tried to restore their kingdom. Madhava Varma III was the last important ruler of this family.

The culture of East Godavari district is a rich traditional one in all parts of the district, and reflects the true culture of Andhra Pradesh. It is known for Veda-pandits, the Godavari River and the hospitality of the people. The Telugu language originated in this district (in Rajahmundry or Rajamahendri). East Godavari District has produced several stalwarts in area of culture, music, art and cinema. Poet and writer Devulapalli Krishnasastri, famous Musician and Singer M.Balamuralikrishna ( Mangalampalli Balamurali Krishna), P.B. Srinivas, Adurthi Subba Rao, C. Pullaiah, actress Jaya Prada belong to this district. Freedom fighter, social worker and politician Durgabai Deshmukh.

East Godavari is famous for agriculture because of fertile lands which are adequately irrigated throughout the year. Sir Arthor Cotton turned entire Godavari region to fertile position with his wonderful engineering mind, he constructed Dowlesawaram Barrage Across the river Godavari. and is the most prosperous district in the state and is the one of richest district in the country. Statistically it is a potential hinterland for oil and natural gas reserves in the country as many areas are identified as richest sources for oil and Natural gas in Godavari basin.

East Godavari is well connected through Rail, Road, Water and Air. The National Highway 5 connecting Chennai and Howrah passes through this district. Rajahmundry,Tuni and Samalkot are the railway junctions in the district. The Chennai to Howrah rail line also passes through this district. The district has an airport in Rajahmundry at Madhurapudi (which is 10 km from Rajahmundry City Centre and 65 km from Kakinada). There are regular flights from Rajahmundry to Hyderabad, Chennai, Vijayawada, Bengaluru etc. Kakinada has a major sea port which is predicted to be a potentially important port after Chennai, Paradip, Kolkata and Visakhapatnam along the east coast of India.

District has universities located at Rajahmundry City such as Adikavi Nannaya University Rajahmundry,Telugu University,Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University & Petroleum University.There are numerous educational institutes with Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kakinada, District Institute of Education and Training (DIET) in Rajahmundry, established in 1989 for the benefit of teacher trainees and in-service teachers. There are many educational institutions that provide education in different fields such as Engineering, Medical, Law, Pharmacy, Polytechnic and Postgraduate colleges etc. Some of the notable universities, colleges are Rangaraya Medical College in Kakinada, GSKM Law College, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Law, SK College of Nursing, Bonam Venkata Chalamayya Group of Institutions, Kakinada Institute of Engineering & Technology etc. In addition to the above listed, the District has lot of B.Ed colleges, Pharma and intermediate colleges.

East Godavari has many visiting places such as Historical Temples, Natural beauty and Nurseries etc. The historical temples are located at Annavaram, Antharvedi, Draksharamam, Kotipalli, Pithapuram, Rajahmundry, Samalkota etc. In these temples most of the temples having "Swayam Bhu" status of the lords and having their own "Stala Purana (history of the place)".

Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary is located about 15 km from Kakinada on Kakinada–Yanam. Kadiapulanka, 20 km from Rajahmundry, is the location of many plant nurseries. Other attractions are Sir Arthur Cotton Museum at Dowleswaram, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary. Eco tourism projects are located at Maredumilli Rampa and Tuni Thalupulamma lova is most popular temple in east godavari distict .
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